World War I at Mt. Adamello
During World War I Mt. Adamello was at the centre of harsh clashes between the troops of the Reign of Italy and those of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, along the Italian-Austrian border, which went across the mountain ranges of Ortles-Cevedale and Adamello-Presanella. Among these peaks, at over 3,000 metres elevation, a typically alpine war was fought and our soldiers, just like their enemies, had to survive for over three and a half years in extreme environmental conditions.
The main Italian lines were the Montozzo Front and the Tonale Barrage, mostly with defensive functions. In memory of the White War a museum was set up in the town of Temù, and it has been included in the Museum System of Valle Camonica. It gathers the testimonies, objects and weapons found by a group of volunteers on the Adamello glacier, stage of war clashes.
While the Temù museum makes for the starting point for those who wish to tread and rediscover the history of the Great War, a must is also hiking along the strikingly beautiful paths that lead the visitor to the ancient strongholds of the two fronts, the tunnels, the trenches and the high-elevation ambush positions. Feasible for all hikers, also with little experience, is the Path of Memory in Middle Valle Camonica, which retreads a military muletrack and passes through sighting points, posts for anti-aircraft machine-guns, caves and tunnels. If you love high mountains and wish to have spectacular views you can choose instead the path of the Flowers, which unwinds at 3,000 metres elevation among breathtaking hanging footbridges, fantastic sceneries, sheer cliffs and testimonies of the Great War. The route starts at Castellaccio pass and arrives at Corno di Lago Scuro (Dark Lake Horn) following the tracks of the paths made by the Alpini during World War I. Along the way you can also visit the permanent exhibition opened in the summer of 2011 in a tunnel at an elevation of 2,600 metres dug in the granite during the first conflict and currently furnished with a multimedia path with additional war material found in situ, and photo display panels.
A Temù è possibile visitare il Museo della Guerra Bianca: una struttura che racchiude reperti interessanti dall'immenso valore simbolico e splendide fotografie d'epoca.
Il patrimonio storico del Museo è in costante aumento, sia grazie alle donazioni di oggetti, fotografie e documenti da parte di visitatori, collaboratori e amici, sia e soprattutto grazie all'intensa e difficoltosa attività di recupero dei beni dalle aree glaciali e periglaciali svolta con passione e professionalità dal personale tecnico scientifico del Museo.
Tra le infinite possibilità di sentieri ben segnalati e curati suggeriamo, per gli amanti della fatica estrema, la risalita fino a 3000 m del “Sentiero dei Fiori”, antica via utilizzata dagli alpini durante la Guerra Bianca.
Il sentiero corre lungo pendii scoscesi, passerelle sospese nel vuoto e precipizi, ma ripaga con le spettacolari vedute sull’intera Valle Camonica.